Since ancient times people lived in villages, but with the emergence of needs and population development, cities appeared. Now, the points of attraction of each country are the cities, due to the tourist objectives, the universities, the culture, etc., but also because of the life and the conditions offered by a city. If in 1972 the population of the city was 20 000 inhabitants, today it is over 65 000 inhabitants.
This growth is due to the establishment of universities, increased standard of living, the comfort that a city offers, its housing and its infrastructure. In addition to this, today’s latest development of a city is to make it smarter, to invest in its development through the technologies that are available to us today. Why would we want a smarter city? A question that had a lot of answers, if we would sit and ask each person separately. But we can say that we want a smarter city because of the time that is an essential need of the people. We need time to think, to prepare breakfast, to study, to work, to have fun or to do whatever we want, so time is present in our lives.
Have we considered how long it will take us to find a parking place in a city with a population of over 65,000? Or just how long does it take us to find a parking spot? Maybe yes, maybe not, but what would we say if someone came up with a solution, so as not to “waste time” looking for a parking spot when we arrive at a location, but to know for sure that at location X will we find a parking space for us? In Tromsø we find parking on the street, in the open air, underground for cars and motorcycles. We can say that a solution to this problem is finding a parking spot as soon as possible in the Tromsø pilot project, for the city whose name it bears. What is this?, Who are its beneficiaries ?, What are the objectives of the project ? But most importantly, how does this project help a city? All these questions will be elucidated throughout this article.
Therefore, the Tromsø project is about intelligent parking, about prioritizing them, parking for medical personnel, common parking, allocation of the parking of the first respondent as well as for sharing parking intelligently. Thus, Vicinity, through the demo platform of the Tromsø pilot project, intends to present a service, for the community, that will present parking data with the help of transport information and parking spaces in the area where a parking place is sought.
In this project the interested parties are almost everyone, from the age category who can drive and have a car. These people are residents, patients, the owner of a car park, administrators, doctors, family or friends. All these people need parking. Medical staff, to get to an emergency faster and not to waste time looking for a parking spot, friends and family visiting. This makes the city smarter due to integration with sensors and mobile phones to easily support finding and booking available parking spots or plan your trip in advance. In order to be able to put into action this smart parking, the project needs adapters such as databases, telephone, the client and an SBS, it also needs devices, which are characterized by parking sensors, smart lights, panic button and sensor for the door, but also for value-added services, these being the priority of parking, transactions, event notifications, statistics that measure the efficiency of this project.
The main objectives of this project are creation of protected parking spots, with various sensors such as panic, detection, alarm, etc. With the help of these sensors, we move to another objective that prioritizes parking according to the needs of the person looking for a parking place. If in this situation we have a family doctor who must reach the person in his care, using the intelligent parking system, the doctor will park in a place where he can reach the patient easier and faster.
An opportunity on the environment is that it reduces gas emissions, because the person concerned, quickly finds a parking space. As for transportation, traffic is reduced and traffic is no longer blocked, and as part of sustainability, the demand for immobilized properties is reduced by optimizing the use of available parking spot. And as for the taxes that parking owners will charge, they are fair, and the payment can be made much faster, compared to the current situation.
The pilot project will take place for the first time in a newly built complex, which has both young and old residents, as well as people in need, needing health and medical services. As for the location of the building, it is in a crowded area with other apartments around, offices, theater, entertainment activities and limited parking spaces. The main aspects of this intelligent parking are the visual indicator, the parking sensor, the access, which allows the authorization in the parking place, the devices and the business.
Therefore, the process is simple, and it goes like this: a person needs a parking place, requests an application, finds a place on the principle of prioritization, is assigned to it. At the entrance to the parking space it is verified, and if the verification is authorized, the person will have access to the parking lot. At that moment several LEDs will light up which will mark the way to the parking place. Once the car has arrived and parked, the detector sensor installed, will detect the car and inform both the owner of the car park and its tenant that the car is parked. After the time spent in the parking lot, the renter will pay the amount for the state time, and he can leave. Overall the process is simple, not complicated, and the application interface is easy to use.
The Tromsø pilot project aims to create intelligent parking spaces, at fair costs, limiting the time to find a parking place, as well as prioritizing parking. With the help of this project, the traffic will be reduced, the pollution will be reduced, a secure parking will be created from the point of view of its security, as well as the real-time provision of the data about the parking places. This project is beneficial for any very crowded location where the lack of parking places becomes more and more stressful for a driver. So, we can say that, the Tromsø project reduces the stress of a driver, who is looking for a parking place, reduces the time of finding a place, as well as the decongestion of traffic in the area.