The Global Carbon Project (GCP) integrates knowledge of greenhouse gases for human activities and the Earth system. Our projects include global budgets for three dominant greenhouse gases — carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide — and complementary efforts in urban, regional, cumulative, and negative emissions.
The Global Carbon Project (GCP) studies the integrated picture of the carbon cycle and other interacting biogeochemical cycles, including biophysical and human dimensions and their interactions and feedbacks.
This broad objective is covered by three themes:
- Diagnostics - Patterns and variability of natural and anthropogenic carbon sources and sinks
- Vulnerability - Processes and feedbacks of the biophysical-human system
- Low Carbon - Carbon management and policy.
To become carbon neutral, first reduce all possible emissions and impacts and then contribute to a measured reduction elsewhere to balance the rest, we are faced with the need for large reductions in greenhouse gases emissions over this century in order to minimize dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Outside of legally binding schemes for emission reductions such as the Kyoto Protocol, individuals and organisations can contribute to emission reductions by voluntarily reducing their demand for energy and purchasing carbon offsets to balance their emissions. The purchase of carbon offsets is part of a rapidly growing voluntary market helping to reduce the climate impact of specific activities to zero, otherwise known as becoming carbon neutral.
Although useful on a small scale, growing increases in the voluntary carbon offset market will make its largest contribution by facilitating the rapid development and adoption of legally binding policies.
The Global Carbon Project has published the report "Carbon Reductions and Offsets" with a number of recommendations for individuals and institutions who want to participate in this voluntary market.