Emissions from greenhouse gases increase and are a major problem for coastal cities and fjord. Cities in Norway and UNESCO World Heritage fjords agree on joint requirements directed against cruise ships
Every year, around 26 million people travel on cruises. In Norwegian waters, it emits about 1 million tonnes of CO2 annually, or around 7-13% of CO2 emissions from Norwegian maritime activity.
– Equal environmental requirements in all ports are easier for the cruise industry to deal with.
The investments the industry must make can be used more and become cheaper. Common environmental requirements are therefore also good business policy. Now we want to take Norwegian co-operation to international ports in our neighboring areas, says Kjetil Lund, city council for industry and ownership in Oslo.
The cities’ support for common demands is also important for large cruise destinations such as Stranda, Eidfjord and Aurland. This means that the ships cannot set courses for ports with lower environmental requirements.
– Cruises are important to our industry and value creation, and we share our wonderful nature with guests from all over the world. However, if cruises are to be an important industry and future, development must be forward-looking. More stringent national discharge requirements and electrified ports will be decisive. Me throws away and set the course towards a development that benefits the local community and the cruise industry, says Noralv Distad, mayor of Aurland.
The municipality of Stavanger has decided to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 80 per cent by 2030 and points out that a more environmentally friendly cruise business is important in the efforts to achieve the climate goals.
– The cruise industry provides value creation and jobs. At the same time, it is obvious that we must set requirements for environmental measures to reduce emissions. When the ports cooperate on a joint action plan, we have far greater opportunities for achieving a change, says Mayor Christine Sagen Helgø.
“As Northern Europe’s largest cruise port, we have a special responsibility for contributing to a sustainable cruise business,” says Julie Andersland, city council for climate, culture and industry in Bergen.
– The climate challenges are massive, says Mayor Harald Furre in Kristiansand. By standing together, we can force a faster green shift in cruise and ship traffic. I am proud that we are now a part of. And I believe that it will also affect a faster transition internationally. At the same time, we will continue to work on further development of shore power plants and other good measures locally. Both for ferry, cruise and other maritime business, says Harald Furre, mayor of Kristiansand.
The requirements are:
- all cruise ships operating in Norwegian fjords, vulnerable areas in Norwegian waters or Norwegian cruise ports must operate in line with the requirements for emissions of NOX and SOX, as described in the new regulations from the Norwegian Maritime Directorate for the World Heritage Fjords, with probably entry into force from 1 March 2019
- Common requirements for the use of shore power for cruise ships, for all Norwegian cruise destinations, with effect from 2025.
- Common requirements for emission-free operation of cruise ships, including entry and exit to all Norwegian cruise destinations, as soon as this is technically feasible. It is aimed at timing the requirement for emission-free operation when auditing the declaration in 2021.
- From 2021, priority calls for cruise ships that can document the use of climate and environmental measures, through documentation of, for example, EEDI and EEOI, by the allocation of time of call and berth.
- Envision that the shore power plants should have standardized interfaces for connection and disconnection, so that calling ships can use the same type of equipment in all Norwegian cruise ports.
- Work together for an annual incremental increase in state shipping fees, for oncoming cruise ships that do not use shore power, in ports where shore power is available.
- Annual incremental increase in municipal port charges for oncoming cruise ships that do not use shore power in harbours where shore power is available.
- Investigate Multipurpose Opportunities by Establishing Cruise Ship Land Power Installations, to Increase Utilization and Reduce Land Power Costs
- Examine the possibilities of covering the cruise ships’ heating needs at the quay.
- Require zero emission solutions in all cruise-related bus transport from 2022.
- Require zero emission solutions in all transport of goods, waste treatment, maintenance and other services related to the cruise ship’s call from 2022.
- Work to allow new law to provide the maximum number of cruise passengers per day, as well as the maximum number of cruise calls per day.
- Consider whether there are alternative and more suitable quay areas for cruise operations based on the environment, safety and passenger volume.
- Work together to ensure that Enova prioritises funds for maritime industry to a greater extent in order to stimulate faster development of shore power in cruise ports.
All these requirements are supported by the Norwegian ports in Oslo, Bergen, Ålesund, Stavanger, Kristiansand, Trondheim, Stranda (Geiranger og Hellesylt), Eidfjord, Aurland (Flåm), Molde, Rauma, Tromsø og Nordkapp.